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     Table of Contents Chapter 18 18.6.2 Formation of the passive voice
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Chapter 18: The verb werden

  18.6.2 Formation of the passive voice


First of all the bad news: there are two different types of passive
a) one is focussing on the process itself
b) one is focussing more on the result on the state of something.

The process passive is formed with a conjugated form of werden and the perfect participle of the verb.

present    
  ich werde gerufen I am called
  du wirst gerufen   you are called
  er / sie / es wird gerufen   he, she, it is called
  wir werden gerufen   we are called
  ihr werdet gerufen   you are called
  sie werden gerufen   they are called
  Imperfect    
  ich wurde gerufen I was called
  du wurdest gerufen   you were called
  er / sie / es wurde gerufen   he, she, it was called
  wir wurden gerufen   we were called
  ihr wurdet gerufen   you were called
  sie wurden gerufen   they were called
  Present perfect  
  ich bin gerufen worden I have been called
  du bist gerufen worden   you have been called
  er / sie / es ist gerufen worden   he, she, it has been called
  wir sind gerufen worden   we have been called
  ihr seid gerufen worden   you have been called
  sie sind gerufen worden   they have been called
  Past perfect  
  ich war gerufen worden I had been called
  du warst gerufen worden   you had been called
  er / sie / es war gerufen worden   he, she, it had been called
  wir waren gerufen worden   we had been called
  ihr wart gerufen worden   you had been called
  sie waren gerufen worden   she had been called

Examples
  Die Leute wurden gefangen genommen. The people were caught (and send to prison).
  Das Auto war repariert worden. The car had been repaired.
  Die Autos waren repariert worden. The cars had been repaired.
  Die Maschine war überprüft worden. The machine had been checked.
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