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     Table of Contents Chapter 20 20.1.39 in = in, to, into
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Chapter 20: More prepositions

  20.1.39 in = in (with Accusative or with Dative)

Examples
  Note!
in dem is converted into im

Ich bin i
m Garten
and not:
Ich bin
in dem Garten

To this rule there is an exception. If you want to specify the object with a relative clause, then you have to use
in dem.
  Ich bin in dem Garten, der dir so gefällt.
= I am in the garden, that you like so much.
  Note! With verbs of movement in requires the Accusative , in all other cases the Dative. In other words, if the translation into English is to or into, then Accusative is to be used, else Dative.
 
  Accusative  
  Ich gehe in den Garten. = I go into the garden.
Du gehst
in die Schule. = You go to school.
Er fliegt
in die Vereinigten Staaten. = He goes to the US.
Wir fahren
in die Türkei. = We go to Turkey.
  Dative  
  Ich bin im (in dem => im) Garten. = I am in the garden.
Du bist
in der Schule. = You are in school.
Er ist
in den Vereinigten Staaten. = He is in the US.
Wir sind
in der Türkei. = We are in Turkey.
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